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Esophageal Pouches (Diverticula)...medical consulting

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In this page talks about ( Esophageal Pouches (Diverticula)...medical consulting ) It was sent to us on 05/08/2021 and was presented on 05/08/2021 and the last update on this page on 05/08/2021

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Treatment of Esophageal Pouches













Usually no treatment




Sometimes surgery






Treatment of diverticula is not usually needed.



If symptoms are severe or the pouch is large however the pouch can be removed surgically or corrected endoscopically.



Diverticula associated with motility disorders require treatment of the underlying disorder. For example if a Zenker diverticulum is caused by an abnormally functioning cricopharyngeal muscle a doctor can cut the muscle (a procedure called myotomy) when removing the Zenker diverticulum.


Diagnosis of Esophageal Pouches













Barium swallow x-rays




Often upper endoscopy






Doctors diagnose all types of esophageal diverticula by doing a barium swallow (esophagram). In this test people are given barium in a liquid before x-rays are taken. The barium outlines the esophagus making abnormalities easier to see. Sometimes the barium swallow is videotaped so doctors have a recording of it.



Doctors often do an upper endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis. During upper endoscopy doctors examine the esophagus by using a flexible tube called an endoscope.


simple explanation



Esophageal diverticula are abnormal pouches or pockets in the esophagus. Rarely they cause swallowing difficulties and regurgitation (the spitting up of food without nausea or forceful contractions of abdominal muscles).


The cause depends on the type of diverticula.


Symptoms include spitting up of food and difficulty swallowing.


The diagnosis is based on the results of barium swallow x-rays and often upper endoscopy.


When needed treatment includes surgery.


The esophagus is the hollow tube that leads from the throat (pharynx) to the stomach. (See also Overview of the Esophagus.)


There are several types of esophageal diverticula. Each has a different cause but probably all are related to uncoordinated swallowing and muscle relaxation. Many of these diverticula are associated with motility disorders of the esophagus such as esophageal spasm and achalasia.


A Zenker diverticulum is probably caused by an incoordination between movement of food out of the mouth and relaxation of the cricopharyngeal muscle (cricopharyngeal incoordination). This diverticulum can fill with food which may be spit up (regurgitated) when the person bends over or lies down. This regurgitation may also cause food to be inhaled into the lungs during sleep resulting in aspiration pneumonia. Rarely the pouch becomes larger and causes difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and sometimes a swelling in the neck.


A midesophageal diverticulum is caused by inflammation located in the chest cavity outside the esophagus that pulls on the esophagus or is caused by esophageal motility disorders. A midesophageal diverticulum rarely causes symptoms but the underlying motility disorder may.


An epiphrenic diverticulum occurs just above the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen) and usually occurs along with a motility disorder (such as achalasia or esophageal spasm). An epiphrenic diverticulum rarely causes symptoms but the underlying motility disorder may.


Barium swallow x-rays


Often upper endoscopy


Doctors diagnose all types of esophageal diverticula by doing a barium swallow (esophagram). In this test people are given barium in a liquid before x-rays are taken. The barium outlines the esophagus making abnormalities easier to see. Sometimes the barium swallow is videotaped so doctors have a recording of it.


Doctors often do an upper endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis. During upper endoscopy doctors examine the esophagus by using a flexible tube called an endoscope.


Usually no treatment


Sometimes surgery


Treatment of diverticula is not usually needed.


If symptoms are severe or the pouch is large however the pouch can be removed surgically or corrected endoscopically.


Diverticula associated with motility disorders require treatment of the underlying disorder. For example if a Zenker diverticulum is caused by an abnormally functioning cricopharyngeal muscle a doctor can cut the muscle (a procedure called myotomy) when removing the Zenker diverticulum.
  • The Author: wikbe
 
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