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January 5 – Samuel Beckett's play Waiting for Godot has its public stage première in French as En attendant Godot at the Théâtre de Babylone in Paris.
January 6 – The Asian Socialist Conference opens in Rangoon Burma.
January 7 – United States President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
January 9 – In Montréal Marguerite Pitre is the thirteenth and last woman hanged in Canada.
January 12 – Estonian émigrés found a government-in-exile in Oslo.
January 13 – "Doctors' plot": The state newspaper Pravda publishes an article alleging that many of the most prestigious physicians in the Soviet Union mostly Jews are part of a major plot to poison the country's senior political and military leaders.
Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen President of Yugoslavia.
The CIA-sponsored Robertson Panel first meets to discuss the UFO phenomenon.
January 15 – Georg Dertinger foreign minister of East Germany is arrested for spying.
January 19 – 71.1% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth to Little Ricky which is more people than those who tuned into Dwight Eisenhower's inauguration the next day. This record has yet to be broken.
January 20 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is sworn in as the 34th President of the United States.
January 22 – The Crucible an historical drama by Arthur Miller written as an allegory of McCarthyism in the United States opens on Broadway.
Mau Mau Uprising: Rebels in Kenya kill the Ruck family (father mother and six-year-old son).
Leader of East Germany Walter Ulbricht announces that agriculture will be collectivized in East Germany.
January 28 – Derek Bentley is executed at Wandsworth Prison in London for his part in the murder of a policeman.
January 31–February 1 – The North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1 836 people in the southwestern Netherlands (especially Zeeland) 307 in the United Kingdom and several hundred at sea including 133 on the ferry MV Princess Victoria in the Irish Sea.
February 1 – The surge of the North Sea flood continues from the previous day.
February 3 – Batepá massacre: Hundreds of native creoles known as forros are massacred in São Tomé by the colonial administration and Portuguese landowners.
February 5 – Walt Disney's feature film Peter Pan premieres.
February 10 – Continental western European common market for coal established under the auspices of the European Coal and Steel Community.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower refuses a clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
The Soviet Union breaks diplomatic relations with Israel after a bomb explosion at the Soviet Embassy in reaction to the 'Doctors' plot'.
February 12 – The Nordic Council is inaugurated.
February 13 – Transsexual Christine Jorgensen returns to New York after successful sex reassignment surgery in Denmark.
February 16 – The Pakistan Academy of Sciences is established in Pakistan.
February 19 – Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
February 25 – Jacques Tati's film Les Vacances de M. Hulot is released in France introducing the gauche character of Monsieur Hulot.
James Watson and Francis Crick of the University of Cambridge announce their discovery of the structure of the DNA molecule.
Greece Turkey and Yugoslavia sign the Balkan Pact.
Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke after an all-night dinner with Soviet Union interior minister Lavrentiy Beria and future premiers Georgy Malenkov Nikolai Bulganin and Nikita Khrushchev. The stroke paralyzes the right side of his body and renders him unconscious until his death on March 5.
Bernard Freyberg 1st Baron Freyberg is made deputy constable and lieutenant governor of Windsor Castle.
March 6 – Georgy Malenkov succeeds Joseph Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
March 8 – The Thieves World which has been transformed into the Russian mafia are freed from prisons by the Malenkov regime ending the Bitch Wars.
March 9 – Draft Treaty establishing the European Political Community never brought into effect.
March 13 – The United Nations Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld from Sweden as United Nations Secretary General.
March 14 – Nikita Khrushchev is selected General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
March 17 – The first nuclear test of Operation Upshot–Knothole is conducted in Nevada with 1 620 spectators at 3.4 km (2.1 mi).
March 18 – The Yenice–Gönen earthquake affects western Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (violent) causing at least 1 070 deaths and $3.57 million in damage.
March 19 – The 25th Academy Awards Ceremony is held (the first one broadcast on television).
March 25–26 – Lari Massacre in Kenya: Mau Mau rebels kill up to 150 Kikuyu natives.
March 26 – Jonas Salk announces his polio vaccine.
March 29 – A fire at the Littlefield Nursing Home in Largo Florida kills 33 persons including singer-songwriter Arthur Fields.
April 7 – Dag Hammarskjöld is elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
April 8 – Jomo Kenyatta is sentenced to 7 years in prison for the alleged organization of the Mau Mau Uprising in the British Kenya Colony.
April 10 – Melbourne Knights FC is founded as Croatia SC in Melbourne Australia.
Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel Casino Royale in the United Kingdom.
German football team SG Dynamo Dresden is founded.
President Eisenhower delivers his "Chance for Peace" speech to the National Association of Newspaper Editors.
A four-story building in Chicago belonging to the Habar Corporation catches fire killing 35 employees.
April 17 – Mickey Mantle hits a 565-foot (172 m) home run at Griffith Stadium in Washington D.C. a candidate for the longest home run in baseball history.
April 20 – Frank Sinatra and arranger Nelson Riddle began their first recording sessions together at Capitol Records which results in some of the defining recordings of Sinatra's career.
April 25 – Francis Crick and James Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" their description of the double helix structure of DNA.
May 2 – Hussein is crowned King of Jordan.
May 5 – Aldous Huxley first tries the psychedelic hallucinogen mescaline inspiring his book The Doors of Perception.
France agrees to the provisional independence of Cambodia with King Norodom Sihanouk.
Australian Senate election 1953: The Liberal/Country Coalition Government led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies holds their Senate majority despite gains made by the Labor Party led by H. V. Evatt. This is the first occasion where a Senate election is held without an accompanying House Of Representatives election.
May 10 – The town of Chemnitz East Germany becomes Karl Marx Stadt.
May 11 – Waco tornado outbreak: An F5 tornado hits in the downtown section of Waco Texas killing 114.
May 15 – The Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPS) for Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) are adopted by the ICAO Council. These SARPS are in Annex 15 to the Chicago Convention and 15 May is celebrated by the AIS community as "World AIS Day".
May 18 – At Rogers Dry Lake Californian Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to exceed Mach 1 in a North American F-86 Sabre at 652.337 mph (566.865 kn; 1 049.835 km/h).
May 25 – Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site the United States conducts its only nuclear artillery test: Upshot-Knothole Grable.
May 29 – 1953 British Mount Everest expedition: Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal become the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
June 1 – Uprising in Plzeň: Currency reform causes riots in Czechoslovakia.
June 2 – Elizabeth II is crowned queen of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey.
June 7 – Italian general election: the Christian Democracy party wins a plurality in both legislative houses.
June 7-9 – Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A single storm-system spawns 46 tornadoes of various sizes in 10 states from Colorado to Massachusetts over 3 days killing 246.
On the second day of the Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence a tornado kills 115 in Flint Michigan; it will be the last to claim more than 100 lives until the 2011 Joplin tornado.
Austria and the Soviet Union open diplomatic relations.
On the third day of the Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado the day before hits in Worcester Massachusetts killing 94.
CIA Technical Services Staff head Sidney Gottlieb approves of the use of LSD in an MKUltra subproject.
June 13 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy.
June 16 – The Soviet Union and Yugoslavia open diplomatic relations.
June 17 – Workers' Uprising in East Germany: The Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
Egypt declares itself a republic.
Tachikawa air disaster: A United States Air Force Douglas C-124 Globemaster II crashes just after takeoff from Tachikawa Airfield near Tokyo Japan killing all 129 people on board in the worst air crash in history up to this time and the first with a confirmed death toll exceeding 100.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York for conspiracy to commit espionage.
The Baton Rouge bus boycott begins in the Southern United States.
The first Chevrolet Corvette is built at Flint Michigan.
The first roll-on/roll-off ferry crossing of the English Channel Dover–Boulogne takes place.
July 3 – The first ascent of Nanga Parbat in the Pakistan Himalayas the world's ninth highest mountain is made by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl alone on the German–Austrian expedition.
July 4 – Strikes and riots hit coal mining regions in Poland.
July 9 – The U.S. Treasury formally renames the Bureau of Internal Revenue; the new name (which had previously been used informally) is the Internal Revenue Service.
July 10 – The Soviet official newspaper Pravda announces that Lavrentiy Beria has been deposed as head of the NKVD.
July 17 – The greatest recorded loss of United States midshipmen in a single event results from an aircraft crash near NAS Whiting Field.
July 23 – Howard Hawks's musical film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes starring Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell is released by 20th Century Fox in the United States.
Fidel Castro and his brother lead a disastrous assault on the Moncada Barracks preliminary to the Cuban Revolution.
The Short Creek raid is carried out on a polygynous Mormon sect in Arizona.
July 27 – The Korean War ends with the Korean Armistice Agreement: The United Nations Command (Korea) (United States) People's Republic of China and North Korea sign an armistice agreement at Panmunjom and the north remains communist while the south remains capitalist.
August 5 – Operation Big Switch: Prisoners of war are repatriated to the United States after the Korean War.
Soviet prime minister Georgi Malenkov announces that the Soviet Union has a hydrogen bomb.
The London Agreement on German External Debts is concluded cancelling 50% of repayable war debt by the Federal Republic of Germany to its creditors.
The 1953 Ionian earthquake of magnitude 7.2 totally devastates Cephalonia and most of the other Ionian Islands in Greece's worst natural disaster in centuries.
Soviet atomic bomb project: "Joe 4" the first Soviet thermonuclear weapon is detonated at Semipalatinsk Test Site Kazakh SSR.
August 13 – Four million workers go on strike in France to protest against austerity measures.
August 15–19 – Cold War: 1953 Iranian coup d'état – Overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh by Iranian military in favour of strengthening the monarchical rule of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with the support of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (as "Operation Ajax") and the United Kingdom.
August 17 – The first planning session of Narcotics Anonymous is held in Southern California (see October 5).
August 18 – The second of the Kinsey Reports Sexual Behavior in the Human Female is published in the United States.
The French government ousts King Mohammed V of Morocco and exiles him to Corsica.
The United States returns to West Germany 382 ships it had captured during World War II.
August 25 – The French general strike ends.
September 4 – The discovery of REM sleep is first published by researchers Eugene Aserinsky and Nathaniel Kleitman.
September 5 – The United Nations rejects the Soviet Union's suggestion to accept the People's Republic of China as a member.
September 7 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
September 12 – U.S. Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary's Church in Newport Rhode Island.
September 23 – The Pact of Madrid is signed by Francoist Spain and the United States of America ending a period of virtual isolation for Spain.
September 25 – The first German prisoners of war return from the Soviet Union to West Germany.
September 26 – Rationing of sugar ends in the UK.
October – The UNIVAC 1103 is the first commercial computer to use random-access memory.
Earl Warren is appointed Chief Justice of the United States by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held (the first planning session was held August 17).
October 6 – UNICEF the United Nations Children's Fund is made a permanent specialized agency of the United Nations.
West German federal election 1953: Konrad Adenauer is re-elected as German chancellor.
Fearing communist influence in British Guiana the British Government suspends the constitution declares a state of emergency and militarily occupies the colony.
Roland (Monty) Burton wins the 1953 London to Christchurch air race in under 23 hours flying time.
The Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington D.C.
October 12 – The play The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial opens at Plymouth Theatre New York.
October 22 – Laos becomes independent from France.
October 23 – Alto Broadcasting System in the Philippines makes the first television broadcast in southeast Asia through DZAQ-TV. Alto Broadcasting System is the predecessor of what will later become ABS-CBN Corporation.
October 30 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document of the United States National Security Council NSC 162/2 which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
November 5 – David Ben-Gurion resigns as prime minister of Israel.
Cambodia becomes independent from France.
The Laotian Civil War begins between the Kingdom of Laos and the Pathet Lao all the while resuming the First Indochina War against the French Army in a Two-front war.
Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud dies.
The Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket piloted by Scott Crossfield becomes the first manned aircraft to reach Mach 2.
Authorities at the Natural History Museum London announce that the skull of Piltdown Man (allegedly an early human discovered in 1912) is a hoax.
November 20–22 – First Indochina War: Operation Castor – In a massive airborne operation in Vietnam French forces establish a base at Điện Biên Phủ.
November 21 – Puerto Williams is founded in Chile as the southernmost settlement of the world.
November 25 – Match of the Century (1953 England v Hungary football match): The England national football team loses 6–3 to Hungary at Wembley Stadium their first ever loss to a continental team at home.
November 29 – First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu – French paratroopers consolidate their position at Điện Biên Phủ.
November 30 – Kabaka crisis: Edward Mutesa II the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Benjamin Cohen Governor of Uganda.
December – Hugh Hefner publishes the first issue of Playboy magazine in the United States featuring a centerfold nude photograph of Marilyn Monroe; it sells 54 175 copies at $.50 each.
December 2 – The United Kingdom and Iran reform diplomatic relations.
December 6 – With the NBC Symphony Orchestra conductor Arturo Toscanini performs what he claims is his favorite Beethoven symphony Eroica for the last time. The live performance is broadcast across the United States on radio and later released on records and CD.
December 7 – A visit to Iran by American Vice President Richard Nixon sparks several days of riots as a reaction to the August 19 overthrow of the government of Mohammed Mossadegh by the U.S.-backed Shah. Three students are shot dead by police in Tehran. This event becomes an annual commemoration.
December 8 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his Atoms for Peace address to the United Nations General Assembly.
December 10 – Albert Schweitzer is given the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize.
December 17 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approves color television (using the NTSC standard).
December 23 – The Soviet Union announces officially that Lavrentiy Beria has been executed.
December 24 – Tangiwai disaster: A railway bridge collapses at Tangiwai New Zealand sending a fully loaded passenger train into the Whangaehu River; 151 are killed.
December 25 – The Amami Islands are returned to Japan after 8 years of United States military occupation.
December 30 – Ramon Magsaysay becomes the 7th President of the Philippines.
The Japanese 10 yen coin is issued with serrated edges for a 5-year period beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have had smooth edges.
Heavy massive rain landslides and flooding in western and southwestern Japan kill an estimated 2 566 and injure 9 433 mainly at Kizugawa Wakayama Kumamoto and Kitakyushu (June–August).
Global meat packing industry JBS is founded in Anapolis Goias Brazil.
China First Building Corporation as predecessor part of China State Construction Engineering founded in Beijing.
Afonso Dhlakama Mozambican politician (d. 2018)
Gary Johnson American businessman politician and 29th Governor of New Mexico
January 2 – Vincent Racaniello American virologist
January 4 – George Tenet American Central Intelligence Agency director
Pamela Sue Martin American actress
Mike Rann Australian politician
Danny Pearson American singer (d. 2018)
Malcolm Young Australian musician (d. 2017)
January 8 – Bruce Sutter American baseball player
Pat Benatar American rock singer
Bobby Rahal American race car driver
January 13 – John Wake English cricketer
Kent Hovind American creation science evangelist
Randy White American football player
January 16 – Robert Jay Mathews American neo-Nazi founder of the terrorist group The Order (d. 1984)
B. K. Misra Indian neurosurgeon
László Simion Romanian politician Hungarian nationalities UDMR.
Desi Arnaz Jr. American actor and musician
Richard Legendre Canadian tennis player politician
January 20 – Jeffrey Epstein American financier and sex offender (d. 2019)
Paul Allen American entrepreneur co-founder of Microsoft (d. 2018)
Glenn Kaiser American Christian blues-rock heavy metal R&B singer-songwriter and guitarist
Myung-whun Chung South Korean conductor pianist
Jim Jarmusch American director
Dušan Nikolić Yugoslav footballer (d. 2018)
Robin Zander American singer and guitarist
Anders Fogh Rasmussen Prime Minister of Denmark Secretary General of NATO
Lucinda Williams American singer-songwriter
January 28 – Colin Campbell Canadian ice hockey player executive
Peter Baumann German keyboard player songwriter (Tangerine Dream)
Paulin Bordeleau Canadian ice hockey player
Lynne McGranger Australian actress
Juan Paredes Mexican boxer
Pierre Jacob Canadian politician (d. 2018)
Louie Pérez American singer-songwriter and guitarist
Fred Riebeling Australian politician
Grażyna Szmacińska Polish chess player
Teresa Teng Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
Yorie Terauchi Japanese actress
Hwang Woo-suk South Korean veterinarian academic
January 31 – Sergei Ivanov Russian first deputy prime minister and minister of defense
February 2 – Duane Chapman American bounty hunter
February 4 – Kitarō Japanese New Age musician
February 5 – Valerie Carter American singer-songwriter (d. 2017)
February 7 – Dan Quisenberry American baseball player (d. 1998)
February 8 – Mary Steenburgen American actress
Ciarán Hinds Irish actor
Rick Wagoner American automotive executive
February 10 – June Jones American quarterback current NCAA Football head coach at Southern Methodist University
February 11 – Jeb Bush American politician 43rd Governor of Florida
February 12 – Nabil Shaban Jordanian-British actor and writer
February 14 – Sergey Mironov Russian statesman Speaker of the Federation Council
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Argentine lawyer and politician former President of Argentina (2007–2015) and Vice President of Argentina (2019–present)
Massimo Troisi Italian actor film director (d. 1994)
February 20 – Riccardo Chailly Italian orchestral conductor
February 21 – William Petersen American actor
February 22 – Geoffrey Perkins British comedy producer writer and actor (d. 2008)
José María Aznar Prime Minister of Spain
Martin Kippenberger German artist
Lin Ching-hsuan Taiwanese writer (d. 2019)
Michael Bolton American surburbia singer (Time Love and Tenderness)
Ian Khama 4th President of Botswana
Yolande Moreau Belgian actress writer and director
Paul Krugman American economist
Ricky Steamboat American professional wrestler
Osmo Vänskä Finnish orchestral conductor
March 1 – Richard Bruton Irish politician economist
Russell Feingold U.S. Senator
Arthur Antunes Coimbra Brazilian footballer manager
Robyn Hitchcock British singer-songwriter
Agustí Villaronga Spanish filmmaker
Zico Brazilian footballer and coach
Emilio Estefan Cuban percussionist
Rose Laurens French singer-songwriter (d. 2018)
Kay Lenz American actress
Ray Price Australian rugby player
March 5 – Tokyo Sexwale South African businessman politician anti-apartheid activist and political prisoner
Jan Kjærstad Norwegian author
Jacklyn Zeman American actress
March 10 – Debbie Brill Canadian high jumper
László Bölöni Romanian footballer
Bernie LaBarge Canadian guitarist/vocalist
Carl Hiaasen American author
Ron Jeremy American pornographic and straight actor filmmaker and stand-up comedian
Madhav Kumar Nepal Nepalese politician
March 14 – Johan Ullman Swedish medical doctor physicist and inventor
March 15 – Kumba Iala Guinea-Bissauan politician 3rd President of Guinea-Bissau (d. 2014)
Bryan Duncan American Christian musician
Isabelle Huppert French actress
Richard Stallman American free software proponent
March 17 – Filemon Lagman Filipino revolutionary (d. 2001)
March 18 – Takashi Yoshimatsu Japanese composer
March 19 – Lenín Moreno Ecuadorian politician 44th President of Ecuador
March 20 – Sándor Csányi Hungarian business executive banker
March 23 – Chaka Khan African-American soul singer (I Feel For You)
Louie Anderson American comedian
Mathias Richling German comedian
Lincoln Chafee American politician
Elaine Chao American politician wife of Senator Mitch McConnell
March 28 – Melchior Ndadaye 4th President of Burundi (d. 1993)
Jim Allister Irish politician
Rosemary Bryant Mariner American naval aviator (d. 2019)
Sandra Boynton American author songwriter and illustrator
Russ Francis American football player
James Smith American boxer
April 4 – Robert Bertrand Canadian politician
April 6 – Andy Hertzfeld American computer programmer
John Howard English singer-songwriter
Stephen Paddock American mass murderer (d. 2017)
Sheila Andrews American country music singer (d. 1984)
Heiner Lauterbach German actor
Guy Verhofstadt Prime Minister of Belgium
Andrew Wiles British-born mathematician
April 13 – Stephen Byers English Labour Party politician Secretary of State for Transport
April 14 – Eric Tsang Hong Kong actor
Geoffrey Oryema Ugandan musician (d. 2018)
Peter Garrett Australian musician politician
J. Neil Schulman American writer activist
April 17 – Linda Martin Irish singer television presenter and Eurovision Song Contest 1992 winner
April 18 – Rick Moranis Canadian actor (Second City Television)
April 19 – Ruby Wax American-born British-based performer
April 20 – Sebastian Faulks British novelist
April 22 – Juhani Komulainen Finnish composer
Eric Bogosian American actor playwright monologist and novelist
Tim Woodward English actor
April 25 – Ron Clements American animation director producer
Roberto Bolaño Chilean author (d. 2003)
Kim Gordon American rock musician
Nikolai Budarin Russian cosmonaut
Bill Drummond South African-born British artist and musician (The KLF K Foundation etc.)
April 30 – Merrill Osmond American pop singer
Valery Gergiev Russian-Ossetian conductor
Jamaal Wilkes American basketball player
May 3 – Ibrahim Zakzaky Nigerian Shia-Islam cleric
May 4 – Salman Hashimikov Soviet heavyweight wrestler
May 5 – Dieter Zetsche German auto executive
Tony Blair Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Graeme Souness Scottish footballer manager
Lynn Whitfield African-American actress
May 7 – Ian McKay British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
Billy Burnette American musician
Alex Van Halen Dutch-born American rock musician
May 11 – David Gest American entertainer producer and television personality (d. 2016)
Michael Hebranko American exemplar of morbid/mortal obesity (d. 2013)
Norodom Sihamoni King of Cambodia
George Brett American Major League Baseball player
Mike Oldfield English composer (Tubular Bells)
Pierce Brosnan Irish actor
Richard Page American musician
May 17 – Luca Prodan Italian–Scottish musician and singer (d. 1987)
May 19 – Victoria Wood English comic performer (d. 2016)
May 20 – Robert Doyle Australian politician
May 21 – Jim Devine British politician
May 23 – Agathe Uwilingiyimana 4th Prime Minister of Rwanda (d. 1994)
May 24 – Alfred Molina English actor
Kay Hagan American lawyer banking executive and politician (d. 2019)
Michael Portillo English politician
Aleksandr Abdulov Russian actor (d. 2008)
Danny Elfman American composer
May 30 – Colm Meaney Irish actor
May 31 – Kathie Sullivan American singer
David Berkowitz American serial killer
Diana Canova American actress adjunct professor
Keith Allen British actor
Cornel West African-American philosopher political activist social critic author
June 3 – Erland Van Lidth De Jeude Dutch-born wrestler opera singer and actor (d. 1987)
Paul De Meo American screenwriter producer (d. 2018)
Susumu Ojima Japanese entrepreneur
June 5 – Kathleen Kennedy American film producer
Johnny Clegg South African Zulu musician and anthropologist (d. 2019)
Dougie Donnelly Scottish television broadcaster
June 8 – Ivo Sanader 8th Prime Minister of Croatia
June 10 – John Edwards American politician
Peter Bergman American actor
Barbara Minty American model
June 12 – Michael Donovan Canadian voice actor
Tim Allen American actor comedian (Home Improvement)
Atso Almila Finnish conductor composer
June 14 – Hana Laszlo Israeli actress and comedian
Antonia Rados Austrian television journalist
Xi Jinping General Secretary of the Communist Party of China President of the People's Republic of China
June 19 – Ken Davitian Armenian–American actor comedian and restaurateur
June 20 – Ulrich Mühe German actor (d. 2007)
June 21 – Benazir Bhutto Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
Wim Eijk Dutch archbishop
Cyndi Lauper American singer (Girls Just Wanna Have Fun)
Armen Sarkissian 4th President of Armenia
Steven Scarborough American gay pornographic film director
Pake McEntire American country music artist
Vanessa Campbell American actor singer
Ivo Lill Estonian artist
James Wong Malaysian footballer
Kristján L. Möller Icelandic politician
Wee Choo Keong Malaysian politician
Neil Record British businessman author and economist
Hartmut Flöckner German swimmer
Efraín Morales Sánchez Mexican politician
Kem Sokha Cambodian politician activist
Dorin Dănilă Romanian admiral
Don Dokken American rock singer musician
Colin Hay Scottish-born Australian singer-songwriter (Men at Work)
Lonnie Nielsen American professional golfer
Ivan Malakhov Russian politician
June 30 – Joan Lin Taiwanese actress
Pat Donovan American football offensive lineman
Lawrence Gonzi 11th Prime Minister of Malta
David Gulpilil Australian traditional dancer and actor
Mike Haynes American football player
Jadranka Kosor Croatian politician
Nasir Ali Mamun Bengali portrait photographer
Sangay Ngedup Prime Minister of Bhutan
Mohammad Tofiq Rahim Iraqi Kurdish politician
Alan Sunderland English footballer
July 2 – Nacer Sandjak Algerian footballer and manager
Lotta Sollander Swedish alpine skier
Les Strong English association footballer
Wong Siu-yee Hong Kong politician
Santiago Formoso Spanish-American soccer defender
Nanci Griffith American folk singer-songwriter
Mike Riley American football head coach
Marcela Váchová Czech artistic gymnast
July 7 – Eleri Rees Welsh judge
François Diederich Luxembourgish chemist
Peter Land New Zealand actor singer
Rik Emmett Canadian singer-songwriter and lead guitarist (Triumph)
Édouard Guillaud French admiral
Angélica Aragón Mexican actress
Leon Spinks African-American boxer (d. 2021)
Mindy Sterling American actress
Wu Shu-chen Taiwanese politician
Piyasvasti Amranand Thailand's Energy Minister
July 12 – Alessi Brothers American pop rock singer-songwriter duo
Gil Birmingham Native American actor
David Thompson American basketball player
Bebe Buell American model and singer
Katsuya Okada Japanese politician
Sultanah Haminah Malaysian royal consort
Mohamad Shahrum Osman Malaysian politician
Jean-Bertrand Aristide President of Haiti
Raisul Islam Asad Bangladeshi actor
Mila Pivnicki wife of Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
Neda Arnerić Serbian film actress (d. 2020)
July 16 – Ahmad Fuad Ismail Malaysian politician; 9th mayor of Kuala Lumpur
July 17 – Nuria Bages Mexican actress
Paula Saldanha Brazilian journalist presenter writer illustrator and environmentalist
Pasquale Valentini Sammarinese politician
Shōichi Nakagawa Japanese politician (d. 2009)
Jeff Fatt Australian musician former member of The Wiggles
Sylvia Chang Taiwanese actress
July 23 – Najib Abdul Razak 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia
Tadashi Kawamata Japanese contemporary artist
Claire McCaskill U.S. Senator
Tim Gunn American fashion expert
Robert Zoellick American public official and lawyer
July 26 – Robert Phillips (guitarist) American classical guitarist
July 27 – Yahoo Serious Australian filmmaker
Ken Burns American documentary filmmaker
Geddy Lee Canadian rock musician (Rush)
Tōru Furuya Japanese voice actor
James Read American actor
Robert Cray American musician
Steven Krasner American sportswriter
August 2 – Butch Patrick American child actor and musician
August 3 – Randy Scruggs American music producer songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018)
August 4 – Antonio Tajani Italian politician President of the European Parliament
Rick Mahler American baseball player (d. 2005)
David J. Sugarbaker American physician (d. 2018)
August 7 – Lesley Nicol English actress
Lloyd Austin 28th United States Secretary of Defense
Nigel Mansell English 1992 Formula 1 world champion
August 9 – Jean Tirole French Nobel Prize-winning economist
August 10 – Richard Cansino American voice actor
August 11 – Hulk Hogan American professional wrestler
Carlos Mesa President of Bolivia
Teddi Siddall American actress (d. 2018)
Cliff Johnson American game designer
James Horner American film composer (d. 2015)
Wolfgang Hohlbein German writer of science fiction fantasy and horror fiction
Martin Manley American sports writer and statistician (d. 2013)
Carol Thatcher English television personality
Sir Mark Thatcher English businessman
August 16 – Kathie Lee Gifford American singer and actress
Noni Hazlehurst Australian actress and presenter
Herta Müller German Nobel Prize-winning writer
August 18 – Louie Gohmert American politician
August 19 – Benoît Régent French actor (d. 1994)
Peter Horton American actor and director
Mike Jackson member of the Texas Senate
August 21 – Géza Szőcs Hungarian poet and politician
August 24 – Ron Holloway American tenor saxophonist
Edward Lowassa 8th Prime Minister of Tanzania
Pat Sharkey Irish footballer
Alex Lifeson Canadian rock musician (Rush)
Peter Stormare Swedish actor
August 29 – James Quesada Nicaraguan-born anthropologist
Robin Harris American comedian and actor (d. 1990)
Robert Parish American basketball player
György Károly Hungarian author (d. 2018)
Marcia Clark American prosecutor author television correspondent and television producer
September 2 – John Zorn American musician
Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs African-American actor
Fatih Terim Turkish footballer and manager
September 6 – Anne Lockhart American actress
September 7 – Mammootty Indian actor
September 8 – Stu Ungar American poker player (d. 1998)
September 10 – Amy Irving American actress
Renée Geyer Australian singer
Tommy Shaw American guitarist and singer
Lesley Visser American sportscaster and journalist
Nan Goldin American photographer
Stephen Sprouse American fashion designer artist and photographer (d. 2004)
Ann Dusenberry American film actress
Doug Worgul American novelist
September 14 – Harold Covington American political activist (d. 2018)
September 17 – Altaf Hussain Pakistani politician
September 18 – Betsy Boze American dean and CEO Kent State University at Stark
September 19 – Probal Dasgupta Indian linguist and Esperantist
Steve Tom American actor
Ricci Martin American musician and singer (d. 2016)
Andrew Heermans American musician recording engineer music producer
Kevin Tamati New Zealand rugby league player
Ségolène Royal French politician
David Wohl American television and film actor
September 23 – Alexey Maslov commander-in-chief of the Russian Ground Forces
September 27 – Greg Ham Australian rock musician (Men at Work)
Denis Potvin Canadian Hall of Fame hockey player
Randy West American radio personality and game show announcer
September 30 – Deborah Allen American singer
Grete Waitz Norwegian athlete (d. 2011)
Klaus Wowereit German politician
October 2 – Brandon Wilson American author and explorer
October 4 – Kerry Sherman American actress
October 7 – Tico Torres American Drummer (Bon Jovi)
October 9 – Tony Shalhoub American actor
October 10 – Midge Ure Scottish musician singer-songwriter and producer
Les Dennis British comedian and television presenter
Serge Lepeltier French politician
Greg Evigan American actor
Shelley Ackerman American astrologer actress writer
Tito Jackson African-American singer and guitarist (The Jackson 5)
Larry Miller American actor and comedian
Paulo Roberto Falcão Brazilian footballer and manager
Martha Smith American model and actress
October 20 – Bill Nunn African-American actor (d. 2016)
Charlotte Caffey American guitarist and songwriter
Keith Green American-born Christian piano player (d. 1982)
Peter Mandelson British politician and member of the Labour Party
Hugh Wolff American orchestral conductor
October 22 – Loyiso Nongxa South African mathematician
Christoph Daum German footballer and manager
Steven Hatfill American physician virologist and bio-weapons expert
David Wright British composer and producer co-founder of AD Music
October 26 – Keith Strickland American musician (The B-52's)
Paul Alcock English football referee (d. 2018)
Peter Firth British actor
Robert Picardo American actor
Lorelei King American-born actress
Batton Lash American comic book writer and artist (d. 2019)
October 31 – Michael J. Anderson American actor
Darrell Issa American businessman and Congressman
Susan Tse Hong Kong actress and opera singer
Bruce Poliquin American politician
November 2 – Tom Lyle American comics artist (d. 2019)
Koji Horaguchi Japanese rugby union player (d. 1999)
Dennis Miller American comedian and radio host
Kate Capshaw American actress
Carlos Gutierrez American politician
Peter Lord British film producer and director
Van Stephenson American singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
November 5 – Florentino V. Floro Filipino dwarf judge
November 7 – Ottfried Fischer German actor and Kabarett artist
November 8 – John Musker American animation director
Andy Partridge British musician and frontman of the band XTC
Harley Venton American actor
Andrés Manuel López Obrador President of Mexico (2018—present)
Waswo X. Waswo American photographer
Diana Weston Canadian-born English screen actress
Mokhtar Dahari Malaysian footballer (d. 1991)
November 14 – Dominique de Villepin Prime Minister of France
November 15 – Alexander O'Neal American singer
November 16 – Griff Rhys Jones Welsh comedian writer actor and television presenter
Jan Kuehnemund American guitarist (Vixen) (d. 2013)
Alan Moore English writer and magician
Kevin Nealon American actor and comedian
Kath Soucie American actress and voice actress
Robert Beltran American actor
Tom Villard American actor (d. 1994)
November 23 – Francis Cabrel French singer
Glenn Withrow American actress
Tod Machover American composer
November 25 – Graham Eadie Australian rugby league player
Steve Bannon American political figure
Richard Stone American composer (d. 2001)
Boris Grebenshchikov Soviet and Russian rock musician
Curtis Armstrong American actor
Lyle Mays American jazz pianist and composer (d. 2020)
November 28 – Pamela Hayden American voice actress
Alex Grey American artist
Vlado Kreslin Slovenian singer
Christine Pascal French actress director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
Rosemary West British serial killer
Moshe Ivgy Moroccan-born Israeli actor
November 30 – June Pointer American singer (The Pointer Sisters) (d. 2006)
December 2 – Joel Fuhrman American certified family physician
Geoff Hoon British Labour Party politician
Tom Hulce American actor and theater producer
Gary Ward American baseball player
Kim Basinger American actress and fashion model
Norman G. Finkelstein American political scientist
Sam Kinison American comedian (d. 1992)
John Malkovich American actor and film director
Hiromitsu Ochiai Japanese baseball player and manager
Richard Carter Australian actor (d. 2019)
Thampi Kannanthanam Indian film director screenwriter producer and actor (d. 2018)
Ben Bernanke American economist Federal Reserve System chairman
Bob Gainey Canadian hockey player
Pat Torpey American drummer (Mr. Big) (d. 2018)
Gail Matthius American actress voice actress and comedian
Vangelis Meimarakis Greek lawyer and politician 4th Greek Minister for National Defence
December 16 – Héctor Timerman Argentine journalist and politician (d. 2018)
Ikue Mori Japanese drummer composer and graphic designer
Bill Pullman American actor
Kevin Beattie English footballer (d. 2018)
Khas-Magomed Hadjimuradov Chechen bard
December 21 – András Schiff Hungarian concert pianist and conductor
David Leisner American guitarist and composer
Bern Nadette Stanis African-American actress
Nuria Bages Mexican stage and television actress
Marián Geišberg Slovak actor (d. 2018)
Martha Wash American singer-songwriter actress and producer
December 24 – Timothy Carhart American actor
Leonel Fernández President of the Dominican Republic
Toomas Hendrik Ilves Estonian politician 4th President of Estonia
December 27 – Gina Lopez Filipino environmentalist and philanthropist (d. 2019)
Richard Clayderman French pianist
Tatsumi Fujinami Japanese professional wrestler
Thomas Bach 9th President of the International Olympic Committee
Stanley Williams American gang member (d. 2005)
Dana Key American Christian musician guitarist and preacher (DeGarmo and Key) (d. 2010)
Meredith Vieira American journalist and game show host
James Remar American actor
Michael Hedges American composer and guitarist (d. 1997)
Julieta Egurrola Mexican actress.
Ely Ould Mohamed Vall 6th President of Mauritania (d. 2017)
Lan Jun Chinese politician
Physics – Frits Zernike
Chemistry – Hermann Staudinger
Medicine – Hans Adolf Krebs Fritz Albert Lipmann
Literature – Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
Peace – George Marshall
Maksim Purkayev Soviet general (b. 1894)
Hank Williams American singer-songwriter and musician (b. 1923)
January 2 – Guccio Gucci founder of Gucci (b. 1881)
Arthur Hoyt American actor (b. 1874)
Yasuhito Prince Chichibu Japanese prince (b. 1902)
January 5 – Mitchell Hepburn Canadian politician 11th Premier of Ontario (b. 1896)
Henry Diesen Norwegian admiral (b. 1883)
Osa Johnson American adventurer and documentary filmmaker (b. 1894)
January 8 – Charles Edward Merriam American political scientist (b. 1874)
January 9 – Madame le Corbeau (Marguerite Pitre) Canadian murderer (b. 1909) (hanged)
January 13 – Sir Edward Marsh English polymath and civil servant (b. 1872)
January 16 – Israel Goldstine New Zealand lawyer and politician (b. 1898)
January 21 – Mary Mannering early 20th century English stage actress (b. 1876)
January 28 – James Scullin 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
January 29 – Sir Reginald Wingate British army general and colonial administrator (b. 1861)
January 30 – Lionel Belmore English actor (b. 1867)
February 1 – William Sydney Marchant British colonial official (b. 1894)
February 2 – Alan Curtis American actor (b. 1909)
February 5 – Iuliu Maniu 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1873)
February 9 – Cecil Hepworth English director (b. 1874)
February 12 – Hal Colebatch Australian politician (b. 1872)
Nobutake Kondō Japanese admiral (b. 1886)
Richard Rushall British businessman (b. 1864)
February 20 – Francesco Saverio Nitti Italian economist and political figure 24th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1868)
February 21 – Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen Bavarian general (b. 1862)
February 23 – Sir Cecil Hunter-Rodwell British colonial administrator (b. 1874)
February 24 – Gerd von Rundstedt German field marshal (b. 1875)
February 25 – Sergei Winogradsky Russian scientist (b. 1856)
February 27 – Paul Hurst American actor (b. 1888)
March 2 – James Lightbody American middle-distance runner (b. 1882)
March 3 – James J. Jeffries American boxing champion (b. 1875)
Herman J. Mankiewicz American writer and producer (b. 1897)
Sergei Prokofiev Soviet and Russian composer (b. 1891)
Joseph Stalin Soviet leader (b. 1878)
March 7 – Edward Sedgwick American director (b. 1892)
March 13 – Johan Laidoner Commander-in-chief of the Estonian Army (b. 1884)
March 14 – Klement Gottwald 5th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1896)
March 15 – Carl Stockdale American actor (b. 1874)
March 20 – Graciliano Ramos Brazilian writer (b. 1892)
March 21 – Toni Wolff Swiss psychoanalyst (b. 1888)
Raoul Dufy French painter (b. 1875)
Oskar Luts Estonian writer and playwright (b. 1887)
Queen Mary consort of George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
Paul Couturier French priest (b. 1881)
March 28 – Jim Thorpe Native-American athlete and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1887)
March 31 – Ivan Lebedeff Russian actor (b. 1895)
Jean Epstein French film director (b. 1897)
Hugo Sperrle German field marshal (b. 1885)
King Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
Rachilde French author (b. 1860)
Eddie Cochems American father of the forward pass in football (b. 1877)
Hans Reichenbach German philosopher (b. 1891)
Stanisław Wojciechowski 2nd President of the Republic of Poland (b. 1869)
Boris Kidrič 1st Prime Minister of Slovenia (b. 1912)
Kid Nichols American baseball player (Boston Braves) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1869)
April 20 – Erich Weinert German writer member of the Communist Party of Germany (b. 1890)
April 27 – Maud Gonne English-born Irish republican revolutionary memoirist; spouse of John MacBride (b. 1866)
April 29 – Alice Prin French artists' model (b. 1901)
May 1 – Everett Shinn American painter (b. 1876)
May 8 – Anna Rüling German journalist "the first known lesbian activist" (b. 1880)
Nicolae Rădescu Romanian military officer and statesman 45th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1874)
Django Reinhardt Belgian jazz musician (b. 1910)
May 19 – Dámaso Berenguer Spanish soldier and Prime Minister (b. 1873)
May 21 – Ernst Zermelo German logician and mathematician (b. 1871)
May 27 – Jesse Burkett American baseball player (Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1868)
May 29 – Man Mountain Dean American professional wrestler (b. 1891)
May 30 – Dooley Wilson American actor (b. 1886)
May 31 – Vladimir Tatlin Soviet and Russian painter and architect (b. 1885)
June 1 – Alex James Scottish football (soccer) player (b. 1901)
William Farnum American actor (b. 1876)
Bill Tilden American tennis champion (b. 1893)
Roland Young English actor (b. 1887)
June 9 – Godfrey Tearle American actor (b. 1884)
June 15 – Henry Scattergood American cricketer (b. 1877)
June 18 – René Fonck French aviator top Allied World War I Flying Ace (b. 1894)
Harold Cazneaux Australian photographer (b. 1878)
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg American communist spies (b. 1918 and 1915 respectively) (executed on same day)
Norman Ross American Olympic swimmer (b. 1896)
June 22 – Bill Lange American sports coach (b. 1897)
June 23 – Albert Gleizes French artist and theoretician (b. 1881)
June 30 – Elsa Beskow Swedish author and illustrator of children's books (b. 1874)
July 1 – Totius Afrikaans poet (b. 1877)
July 9 – Annie Kenney British working-class suffragette (b. 1879)
July 11 – Oliver Campbell American tennis player (b. 1871)
July 12 – Herbert Rawlinson English actor (b. 1885)
July 15 – John Christie English serial killer (b. 1899) (hanged)
July 16 – Hilaire Belloc French-born British writer and historian (b. 1870)
July 17 – Maude Adams American actress (b. 1872)
July 20 – Dumarsais Estimé 30th President of Haiti (b. 1900)
July 26 – Nikolaos Plastiras Greek general and Prime Minister (b. 1883)
July 29 – Richard William Pearse New Zealand airplane pioneer (b. 1877)
July 31 – Robert A. Taft American politician United States Senate Majority Leader (b. 1889)
August 1 – Jānis Mendriks Soviet Roman Catholic priest (b. 1907)
August 11 – Tazio Nuvolari Italian racing driver (b. 1892)
August 15 – Ludwig Prandtl German physicist (b. 1875)
August 22 – Jim Tabor American baseball player (b. 1916)
August 25 – Jessie Aspinall Australian doctor first female junior medical resident at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (b. 1880)
Gaetano Merola Italian conductor (b. 1881)
Maurice Nicoll British psychiatrist (b. 1884)
September 2 – General Jonathan Wainwright American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
September 5 – Francis Ford American actor and director (b. 1881)
Richard Walther Darré Nazi SS General (b. 1895)
September 7 – Nobuyuki Abe Japanese Prime Minister and military leader (b. 1875)
September 8 – Fred M. Vinson Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1890)
Hugo Schmeisser German weapons designer (b. 1884)
Lewis Stone American actor (b. 1879)
September 13 – Mary Brewster Hazelton American painter (b. 1868)
September 15 – Erich Mendelsohn German architect (b. 1887)
September 17 – Wenxiu consort of China's last emperor Puyi (b. 1909)
September 24 – Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart 17th Duke of Alba Spanish aristocrat (born 1878)
September 26 – Xu Beihong Chinese painter (b. 1895)
September 27 – Hans Fritzsche German Nazi senior official one of only three acquitted at the Nuremberg trials (b. 1900)
September 28 – Edwin Hubble American astronomer (b. 1889)
Robert Mawdesley British stage and radio actor (b. 1900)
Lewis Fry Richardson English mathematician physicist meteorologist psychologist and pacifist (b. 1881)
October 3 – Arnold Bax English composer (b. 1887)
October 6 – Porter Hall American actor (b. 1888)
Nigel Bruce British character actor (b. 1895)
Kathleen Ferrier British contralto (b. 1912)
October 11 – Pauline Robinson Bush younger sister of US President George W. Bush (b. 1949)
October 12 – Hjalmar Hammarskjöld Swedish politician 13th Prime Minister of Sweden one of the leaders of World War I (b. 1862)
October 13 – Millard Mitchell American actor (b. 1903)
October 14 – Arthur Wimperis English illustrator and playwright (b. 1874)
October 20 – Sir Robert Brooke-Popham British air chief marshal (b. 1878)
October 25 – Holger Pedersen Dutch linguist (b. 1867)
October 27 – Thomas Wass English cricketer (b. 1873)
November 5 – Harry A. Marmer Ukrainian-born American mathematician and oceanographer (b. 1885)
Ivan Bunin Russian writer Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
John van Melle Dutch-born author (b. 1883)
Louise DeKoven Bowen American philanthropist and activist (b. 1859)
King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia (b. 1876)
Dylan Thomas Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
November 18 – Ruth Crawford Seeger American composer (b. 1901)
António Cabreira Portuguese polygraph (b. 1868)
Larry Shields American musician (b. 1893)
November 22 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi Indian/Pakistani historian biographer littérateur and scholar of Islam (b. 1884)
November 27 – Eugene O'Neill American writer Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
November 28 – Rudolf Bauer German-born painter (b. 1889)
Ernest Barnes English mathematician scientist and theologian (b. 1874)
Sam De Grasse Canadian actor (b. 1875)
Milt Gross American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)
November 30 – Francis Picabia French painter and poet (b. 1879)
December 2 – Radu Băldescu Romanian general (b. 1888)
Jorge Negrete Mexican singer and actor (b. 1911)
Ray Paddock American farmer and politician (b. 1877)
December 10 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (b. 1872)
December 14 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings American writer (b. 1896)
December 19 – Robert Andrews Millikan American physicist Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
December 21 – Nicholas H. Heck American geophysicist oceanographer and surveyor (b. 1882)
December 23 – Lavrentiy Beria Minister of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union (b. 1899)
William Haselden English cartoonist (b. 1872)
Lee Shubert Polish-born theater owner and operator (b. 1871)
Şükrü Saracoğlu 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1887)
Julian Tuwim Polish poet (b. 1894)
December 31 – Albert Plesman Dutch aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
Ioan Popovici Romanian general (b. 1865)