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Kasaragod experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification. It receives a generous 3 825 mm (150.6 in) of rain annually.
Kasaragod municipality had a population of 54 172 according to 2011 census report which constitutes 26 319 males and 27 853 females. The municipality is divided into 35 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The female sex retio is 1058 against state average of 1084. The literacy rate of Kasaragod town is 94.76% higher than state average of 94%.
Until 16th century CE Kasargod town was known by the name Kanhirakode (meaning 'The land of Kanhira Trees') in Malayalam. Kasaragod was under Kumbla dynasty until 16th century which was vassal to the kingdom of Kolathunadu based at Kannur. Kannada kingdoms focused on the port and surroundings in the 16th century CE. Kasaragod is the Kannada version of Malayalam term Kanhirakode.
Kasaragod about 50 km south of Mangalore city was an important centre of trade in earlier times. Kasaragod was known to the Arabs by the name Harkwillia. The Malik Dinar Mosque in Kasaragod town is one of the oldest Masjids in the Indian Subcontinent. It is believed that Malik Dinar was died at Thalangara in Kasaragod town. Many Arab travelers visiting Kerala between the 9th and the 14th centuries visited Kasaragod being an important trade centre then. Duarte Barbosa a Portuguese traveler who visited Kumbla near Kasaragod Town in 1514 recorded that rice being exported for coir to Maldives.
Science and research
Kasaragod is home to the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute originally established in 1916 as the Coconut Research Station. It is part of India's National Agricultural Research System under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. According to the Institute Kerala "lies in the heart of the major coconut growing areas of the country." It is also home to the Indian Society for Plantation Crops which publishes the Journal of Plantation Crops and holds symposiums on the subject. The Central University of Kerala is also located in Kasargod(Periya hills).
The current Municipal Chairman of Kasaragod municipality is Adv. V. M. Muneer of IUML and the deputy chairperson is Shamseeda Feroz.
The major political parties are Indian Union Muslim League CPI(M) INC CPI and BJP. North Kasaragod is dominated by IUML which is followed by BJP and the south is dominated by CPI(M). N. A. Nellikkunnu is the present Member of Legislative Assembly from Kasaragod Assembly Constituency. It is a part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). Indian National Congress [INC] member Rajmohan Unnithan is the present MP from Kasaragod [2019 Elections].
Kasaragod ([kɑːsɑrɡoːɖɨ̆] (listen) and Malayalam: Kanhirakode English: Kassergode Arabic: Harkwillia ) is a municipal town and administrative headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India. Situated in the rich biodiversity of Western Ghats it is known for the Chandragiri and Bekal Forts Chandragiri River historic Kolathiri Rajas natural environment of Ranipuram and Kottancheri Hills historical and religious sites like the Madiyan Kulom temple Madhur Temple Ananthapuram Lake Temple and Malik Deenar Mosque. It is located 50 km south of the major port city & a commercial hub Mangalore and 578 km north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram.